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Plovdiv Roman AmphitheatrePlovdiv is one of the oldest cities of Europe, being older than Rome, Athens, and Constantinople. The first traces of civilization at the place date from the Mycenaean period (8000 years ago). Known at the time as a Thracian fortified settlement named Eumolpia, in 342 BC it was conquered by Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great, who renamed it Philippoupolis (rendered in Latin as Philippopolis) in his own honor. It was later independent under the Greeks, until it was incorporated into the Roman Empire, under which it was also called Trimontium (City of Three Hills) and served as capital of the province of Thrace. Although Slavs probably settled in the area around the middle of the 6th century, it became part of the Bulgarian state in about 815. The Roman amphitheatre was constructed at the time of emperor Marcus Aurelius (2nd Century BC). It was one of the most important public buildings of Trimontium, with impressive architecture and compelling magnificence. Its was constructed to seat between 5 and 7 thousand people to enjoy spectacular performances. Today the theatre is regularly used thought the summer season for all type of shows, concerts, bale and other performances.


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