Veliko Tarnovo PDF Print E-mail
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Veliko TurnovoVeliko Tarnovo is a town in Veliko Tarnovo municipality, a center of Veliko Tarnovo municipality and Veliko Tarnovo Region. Till 1965, the name of the city was Tarnovo, which is still the most commonly used way of the name in everyday conversations. Veliko Tarnovo is among the most visited Bulgarian cities. It is one of the most ancient cities and has a history of more than five thousand years, as the first evidence of life on these lands is from the 3 thousand years B.C. and is found on the Trapezitsa Hill. The old part of the city – the Tsar castle – which is from the time when it was the capital of Bulgaria by the time of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom (1187-1393) is situated on three hills- Tsarevets, Trapezitsa and Sveta Gora. Part of the territory of Veliko Tarnovo is pronounced a museum preserve with three zones, which comprises as well as the territory of the ArbanasiVillage. The two main medieval fortresses used to rise on Tsarevets and Trapezitsa. Tsarevets hill is surrounded by the River Yantra from three sides. By the time of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom it was occupied by the tsar`s family, the boyars and the patriarch. It is encircled by a fortified wall, built on natural vertical rocks. The fortress used to have three entrances. The main entrance had a moving bridge above a cut rock and then there were three successive gates, the second – The Small Gate connecting Tsarevets with Asenova Mahala neighbourhood, and the third- Frenkhisar. From all the towers the only one kept till now is the Balduin Tower. In the middle of Tsarevets there is situated the castle which consists of an official hall , St. Petka Church, home and farm buildings , water stores and premises for the guards. It was protected by strong stone walls and battle towers. Tsarevets Hill is pronounced an architectural- museum reserve.

 

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