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YambolYambol is a city – municipality, with a special status of the territory, which is covered by its ground, administrative centre of Yambol Province, situated in Southeastern Bulgaria on 91 sq. km on the both banks of Tundzha River. There are no other settlements in the Municipality. The city is less than 100 km from Bourgas, 28 km from Sliven and 300 km from Sofia. The territory of the city of Yambol is a part of the Thracian Lowland on the middle stream of the River of Tundzha, with flat and oval hills, shallow and wide valleys with slant slopes, cut by the Valley of Tundzha River and its flows. The city is situated on a flat terrain with an optimum slope - from 1, 5 % to 25%. Yambol is ecologically clean rayon without big polluters, with optimum natural and artificial tourist recourses. On its territory are crossed several climate influences, dominated by the temperate transitional continental climate – characteristic is the longer and warm autumn. The rayon is one of the warmest in the country. The average year temperature is +12°C. Yambol is a starting point for the antique Thracian royal city of Cabyle (later conquered by Philip II of Macedonia and the Romans, but destroyed by the Avars in 583)– one of the less Thracian cities, as well as for the places of interest in the area of the remarkably charming city and towns Sliven, Elhovo, Bolyarovo and Straldja. From here start tourist routes for fairy beautiful Bakadjishki and Monastery Hills. Yambol today is a Municipality centre with a rich history, city with an important crossroad position. The city is one of the oldest in Bulgaria. The earliest relics of settlement’s life had been discovered in more than ten prehistoric settlement’s dwelling slopes. On the territory of contemporary city of Yambol are remains of Rasheva and Marcheva Settlement’s Dwelling Slopes, which date by Neolithic, eneolith and the bronze epochs. Some of the finds discovered in them, now are kept in The Louver and The Archeological Museum Sofia. Enormous part of these precious exhibits belongs to the Historical Museum in Yambol. On the territory of the District are found over 30 fortresses, 70 prehistoric settlements and 1000 sepulchral hills. Resettlement’s life here begins at the end of ІІ and the beginning of І Millennium B. C. around an ancient cult center. There has been preserved a tower and walls of Medieval Yambol Fortress. In the features of contemporary city of Yambol there had been antique settlement, as scientists suppose that in A. D. 293 Roman Emperor Diocletian, passing through it, gives it the name Diospolis (city of Zeus), the name also reflected the emperor's name. The name later evolved through, Hiambouli (in Byzantine chronicles), Dinibouli (Arabic chronicles), Dbilin (in Bulgarian inscriptions), and Diamboli to become Yambol. The first written data for the city is from VІ century, and curious facts for it are contained in Byzantine, Arab and Ottoman Chronicles. As the Slavs and Bulgars arrived in the Balkans in the Middle Ages, the fortress was contested by the Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantines. During Х-ХІV century the Greek name of Medieval Yambol had been Dampolis, and the Bulgarian, known from one stone carved writing from 1356-7 year – Dubilin. The city is one of the first on the Balkans, which demonstrates strong resistance on the Ottomans and had been captured in 1373 year after prolonged siege. Part from the impressive fortress walls and towers of Medieval Yambol are preserved till nowadays. From the period of the Ottoman Servitude in the city are kept two wonderful architectural monuments from ХV century: The Bezisten, which is the only in Bulgaria well preserved covered market, restored, one of the symbols of the city having the best acoustic in Bulgaria and the Ottoman Temple Eski mosque, sheltering the tomb of Ismail Hakim Pasha who is reputed of sparing the lives of the city's native Bulgarian population in the 1870s; after a Sultanic order to 'pass them all under the sword' he simply made them walk 'under a sword'). Well preserved are and the churches Saint George and Holy Trinity, this had kept the Bulgarian traditions during the time of the five centuries Ottoman Servitude. Yambol (Ottoman Turkish Yanbolu) was an important centre of the Ottoman Empire until liberated by Russian forces in January 1878 to become part of Eastern Rumelia and later Bulgaria after the Unification in 1886. In the first half of ХХ century Yambol had been known with the curable mineral water and the Mineral Bath, with the unique rail tram pulled by horses, with the celebrated pheasant breeding house, with enormous hall for Zeppelins from 1917 year.Yambol has over 17 century history; the city is a birthplace of intellectuals of a highest class. With Yambol roots is John Vincent Atanasoff – the inventor of the digital electronic computer; here are born – the first professor in pedagogic in Bulgaria Petar Noikov, the elite Mathematician Atanas Radev; the world famous artists George Papazov and John Popov; the last Bulgarian encyclopedist Cyril Krastev; Stiliana Paraskevova, had made the first image of the Bulgarian national flag; Dimcho Roshmanov, composer; Nikola Abramov, artist; Georgi Gospodinov, author; Volen Siderov, journalist and politician; Radoy Ralin, poet and satirist; Ivan Gazdov, artist, author, educator, former rector of the Bulgarian National Academy of Arts. The towns and villages in the rayon had kept their folklore traditions during the centuries and they can be seen on many holidays as: Born, reborn – in Yambol, Folklore Singing Competition in Yambol. In Yambol there are local ethnographic houses and collections, too. Every year with cultural exhibits are celebrated: The Holiday of Yambol, The Holiday of the Wine and the International Kukeri Dancers Carnaval, The International Muppet Festival Michael Lukatnik.

 

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