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KavarnaKavarna is legendary town with a strange destiny, filled with years of prosperity and troubles, of decline and glory… It is located where the slanting slopes of the plain of Dobrudzha are cut by a deep picturesque gorge, meandering to the Black Sea. On the shoreline the impenetrable, having almost vertical rays Chirakman cape rises. On its flat plateau the ruins of fortress walls, dens, buildings, churches, necropoleis are preserved … In the foothills of Chirakman there are interesting caves, in which vestiges of life from the Neolithe – 7000-3000 years BC. Kavarna is one of the ancient towns on our Black Sea Coast. On place of the today’s city an old Thracian village existed. In V century BC, Greek colonists were attracted by the convenient bay, plentiful springs, fertile land and the strategic location of the heights. They established the colony Bizone on the plateau of cape Chirakman, but in the first half of the 1 century BC, in a catastrophic earthquake, the front part of the cape was destroyed and, together with a large part of the town, it sank into the sea. During the time of the Roman Empire the city was restored under the same name and quickly flourished. In VII century the city was destroyed by Slavic and Proto-Bulgarian tribes, who settled on cape Chirakman and created the settlement of Karvuna. In the Middle Ages Karvuna was already a famous town. With its today’s name the village is mentioned for the first time in the beginning of the XV century. During the Turkish invasion the town was almost destroyed, but in the second half of XVII century it was built again. The year 1877 would remain memorable in the history of the town, when Kavarna rose to fight for freedom. The town was subject to fire and massacre and just after the Liberation it was reborn as a living monument of the feat of the rebelling citizens of Kavarna. In 2 century AD, the so-called the Anonymous from Ravena passed through Kavarna, who in his chronicle has mentioned Bizone. Since then the contacts between Kavarna and Ravena date, and now are resumed through joint Bulgarian –Italian excavations. The city was a significant economic and cultural center in the Antiquity and the Middle Ages, and it has rich and varied cultural remains - fortress walls, the Early Christian basilica, medieval churches, public buildings. Interesting rich artistic objects - coins from different historical ages, gold ornaments, unique patterns of high artistic value, gold Thracian treasure of applications and others are found here. During the middle Ages the town kept its strategic role and in XIV century Karvuna and Kaliakra were the main towns of the principality of Karvuna of despot Dobrotitsa. The traces of antiquity on the coast of Kavarna mark the dynamics of one significant and ongoing life from the III millennium BC to the middle of XVII century, when the population moved to the place of today’s Kavarna. During XV – XIX century the medieval city became known under the name Kavarna, as a Christian village and harbour for crops. From that time hammam (a bath), a medieval necropolis, a bridge, fountains, Christian churches, and many inscriptions are kept . In 1968 senior monk Evstratiy Rilski founded the first Bulgarian school, a community center “Agreement” (1982) was created. During the Russian-Turkish Liberation war (1877) Kavarna rose in defence of the city from the bashi-bazouk and circassian hordes. After the Liberation the city was included within the boundaries of the Principality of Bulgaria. Since the beginning of XX century Kavarna marks rapid progress as an economic and cultural center of the region, but it was interrupted in 1913 when the city fell under Romanian occupation. The Bulgarian population opposes the policy of assimilation of the Romanian authorities through active cultural–social activities of the church, community centers and cultural–educational associations. In 1940 the city was returned within the boundaries of Bulgaria. The city greatly combines the pastoral of the one and two-storey houses with colorful yards and the stylistics of the new architecture; quiet narrow streets and broad boulevards; traces of the past and features of the modern world. The holiday May 6 – St. George’s day was chosen for a day of the town.

 

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